WHAT IS NEUROFEEDBACK TRAINING?
Neurofeedback, also referred to as EEG biofeedback, is a brain-computer interface based training method that provides the brain with a rapid and consistent sensory feedback signal of its ongoing electrical activity and thereby facilitates prediction and control of this activity. Neurofeedback, in combination with non-invasive brain stimulation, is a promising safe and medication-free clinical tool for reducing the symptoms of Depression, Anxiety, ADHD, Dyslexia, Dyscalculia, Autism and further disorders of affect and cognition.
Neurofeedback is an evidence-based brain training and therapeutic method. It is easy to understand neurofeedback if we acknowledge the intimate relationship between mind and brain. All our subjective feelings and thoughts, all our intentions and actions are characterised by distinct objective neural activation patterns in our brain. Disruption in these activation patterns results in a wide range of subjective difficulties, such as emotion regulation problems, depression, anxiety or anger, or cognitive problems related to memory, attention and learning. With the help of neurofeedback, guided by instantaneous, rewarding sensory feedback, we can learn to successfully modify dysfunctional brain patterns in a direct and natural way. As a result, various affective and cognitive symptoms diminish or disappear, while the brain regains homoeostasis and vitality.
Based on solid scientific evidence from the fields of neuroscience, psychophysiology, psychology and medicine, neurofeedback is changing the way common brain dysfunctions such as depression, anxiety, ADHD, poor memory or learning difficulties are treated.
HOW DOES NEUROFEEDBACK WORK?
During a neurofeedback training session, you are sitting in a comfortable chair, watching a simple computer game or a movie. Unlike the passive leisurely watching, however, this is a very active process, as it is your moment-to-moment electrical brain activity that determines what happens on the screen.
When the electrical activity in key brain areas -the ones identified as needing improvement during your qEEG brain assessment – approaches the set training targets and you are entering a desired mental state, then you are winning the screen game or enjoying a clear and continuous video stream. When your brain activity drifts away from the set targets and your focus or calmness decreases, you are losing game points or the movie picture is disrupted.
Over multiple sessions, guided by this continuous real-time sensory feedback, you learn to regulate your brain activity and to induce desired mental states. This engaging learning experience is accompanied by a seamless reorganisation (rewiring) of key brain areas and networks. As a result, you become capable of replicating and maintaining the positive brain states achieved through the neurofeedback sessions in everyday life situations, outside the training clinic.
At Bright Brain Centre London we offer the following neurofeedback training options:
- 19 channel z-score OR database-free amplitude training enhanced with non-invasive brain stimulation
- 19 channel LORETA 3D deep brain z-score OR database-free amplitude training with Neuroguide or Brain Avatar for most accurate deep cortical localisation as a standalone training option, or combined with non-invasive brain stimulation methods.
- 4 channel database-free amplitude training implementing ‘classical’ neurofeedback protocols, such as SMR enhancement, Alpha-Theta or Alpha Coherence, Infraslow fluctuations, and further database-free, “reward-inhibit” type protocols, as a standalone training or in combination with non-invasive brain stimulation techniques. From 2018 on, this 4-channel neurofeedback training option will be offered in the form of a supervised home training programme.